Through the process of collecting data on every IDP family residing in KP, IVAP
has accumulated some key findings and recommendations for humanitarian partners
to take forwards. The following recommendations relate to off-camp IDPs residing
- 86% of IDPs in displacement are living off-camp.
Recommendation: Assistance for IDPs in KP should be prioritized to the off-camp families
to respond to the need.
- The majority of families currently displaced originate from Khyber, Orakzai,
South Waziristan and Kurram. Many of these families have been in displacement since
2008, and before (due to sectarian reasons).
Recommendation: Many families have been displaced for many years and this protracted
caseload needs assistance as much as the fresh displacements. IVAP analysis indicates
that the vulnerability of off-camp IDP families increases over time as they undertake
various negative coping mechanisms in order to be able to afford to live off-camp,
further justifying the need to support to the protracted caseload of families.
- 82% of off-camp IDP families pay rent. Faced with this scenario, many families
end up crowding into one small house to share the cost, resulting in very cramped
Recommendation: A strong recommendation is that rent assistance (through cash grants,
cash for work etc) is provided to families to support with the cost of rent.
- 61% of families survive on daily wage labor and the majority of families’ combined
monthly income is 2,500–5,000 PK.
Recommendation: Support to these families, for example with livelihood training,
cash for work, cash grants etc to facilitate them to rely on a more reliable and
sustainable income source.
- 66% of families have poor and borderline food consumption scores. Many families
struggle to afford sufficient food supplies to support their family members. They
often have to borrow food, purchase food on debt, or skip meals to be able to survive.
Some families are part of an extended family system and often have to share food
rations between many family members (due to having CNIC duplicate family numbers
which prevent them from registering as separate families).
These families should be provided with food supplements, food vouchers,
and seeds and tools as requested etc to support with their livelihoods. Cash grants
would also support these families to not skip meals (a commonly quoted negative
- 63% children do not attend school.
Recommendation: Off-camp education services should be made more accessible for IDPs
- 75% of IDP families do not have access to clean water; 40% of families are not
able to access a formal latrine at home.
Recommendation: WASH assistance should target communities which highlight having
particularly poor access to water and sanitation services. Hygiene kits and WASH
related NFIs should be given to protracted IDPs as some of them received 2-3 years
ago. Hygiene promotion is another important element for the affected communities
which needs to be priorities in host locations of KP.
- 23% of families walk over 5km to access healthcare.
Healthcare should be provided in the form of Mobile health unit to
communities reporting long distances to access health facilities.